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Types of marketing research methods

2004-11-07
 

Methodologically, marketing research uses four types of research designs, namely:

  • Qualitative marketing research - generally used for exploratory purposes - small number of respondents - not generalizable to the whole population - statistical significance and confidence not calculated - examples include focus groups, depth interviews, and projective techniques
  • Quantitative marketing research - generally used to draw conclusions - tests a specific hypothesis - uses random sampling techniques so as to infer from the sample to the population - involves a large number of resondents - examples include surveys and questionnaires
  • Observational techniques - the researcher observes social phenomena in their natural setting - observations can occur cross-sectionally (observations made at one time) or longitudinally (observations occur over several time-periods) - examples include product-use analysis and computer cookie traces
  • Experimental techniques - the researcher creates a quasi-artificial environment to try to control spurious factors, then manipulates at least one of the variables - examples include purchase laboratories and test markets
Researchers often use more than one research design. They may start with secondary research to get background information, then conduct a focus group (qualitative research design) to explore the issues. Finally they might do a full nation-wide survey (quantitative research design) in order to devise specific recommendations for the client.



Related Topics
Understanding Survey Software Features - Part II - Taking Survey, Response Collection , Survey Analysis and Report Distribution
Track Your Customers Footsteps using marketing Research
Types of marketing research
Quantitative marketing research - Requirements and Procedures
Qualitative marketing research

 


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