The process of application development is critical to the success of ecommerce operations.
The proper processes can not be enforced unless technical environments are properly
setup. Technical environments are required for development, test and operation.
It is common that in many organizations ecommerce applications (programmed in Java)
are developed on NT platform, and deployed to production on Unix. Without
streamlined procedures and proper environment settings, deployment and testing is not only a
frustrating experience, but also a major detriment in budget overrun.
Development and test environment may be powered by less powerful computers, but the
configurations should be the same for all three environments. Development and test environments
should be populated with production data periodically.
Role The development environment is a place where development team develops
and tests the applications. If applications are developed on NT, development to Unix environment
helps developers to port NT applications to Unix environment and to develop and test
Unix specific tasks, such as shell scripts and cron jobs.
Security Concerns Development team should have full control of and access to
the environment, though installation of new software should consult with Unix admin
Role The test environment is a place where QA team (configuration management
should be part of QA team) practices deployment. For large and complex applications,
it may take many trials to correctly deploy the systems.
Security Concerns QA team is fully responsible for the test environment.
Development team should not be aware of the existence of test environment. In reality,
development team members are often involved with deployment largely because organizations
trend to place staff with less technical expertise on QA team.
Role The production environment is a place where you serve your customers.
The deployment from test to production should be automated using deployment scripts to
avoid the potential human errors and to reduce the deployment cost.
Security Concerns Both development team and QA team should not be aware of the
existence of production environment. It is the sole responsibility of operation team
to maintain the production environment.
The procedures and technical environment settings described above have been proven
to be valuable in eliminating many problems in ecommerce system implementation. The successful
implementation of the procedures, however, depends on management commitment (based on understanding
of technical challenges) and the technical competency of all teams involved.
Java Application Servers for Web Development
Software Configuration Management - Version Control, Build, Release Management and Process Control
Software Testing - Unit Testing, Integration Testing, Regression Testing, System Testing and User Testing